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30-01-17, 22:00   #1
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The BMW 5 Series History (1972-2017)

The BMW 5 Series History


The BMW 5 Series is a mid-size luxury car manufactured by German automaker BMW since 1972. It is the successor to the 4-door sedan models of the BMW New Class and is currently in its seventh generation.

Initially, the 5 Series was only available in a sedan body style. The touring body style was added in 1991 and the 5-door hatchback ("Gran Touring") was added in 2009.

It is BMW's second best-selling model after the 3-Series and in 2010 produced about 50% of the BMW's profits.[1]

On January 29, 2008, the 5 millionth 5 Series was manufactured, a 530d Saloon in Carbon Black Metallic.[2]

The 5 Series got its name by being the fifth of the "new series" cars after the V-8 and Isetta era[citation needed] and was the replacement for the older four-door New Class sedans. The current BMW naming convention began with the first 5 Series.

Currently, seven main generations of BMW 5 Series have followed one another:

The E12, from 1972 to 1981
The E28, from 1981 to 1988
The E34, from 1988 to 1996
The E39, from 1996 to 2003
The E60, from 2004 to 2010
The F10/F11, from 2010 to 2016
The G30/G31/G32, from 2016
Most years have seen a Motorsport version of the 5 series, called the BMW M5.



The BMW 5 Series History. 1st Generation (E12, 1972–1981)




The BMW E12 is an automobile which was produced by BMW from 1972 to 1981. It was the first generation of the BMW 5 Series mid-size sedans. The E12 was released as the 520 and 520i 4-cylinder models, to replace the New Class sedans. A year later, the 525 with a straight-six engine was released and this was followed by 528, 530, 533 and 535 models.

The E12 M535i is considered to be the predecessor to the BMW M5.

The E12 was replaced by the E28 in 1981, although E12 production continued until 1984 in South Africa.


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30-01-17, 22:01   #2
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The BMW 5 Series History.The 2nd Generation (E28, 1981–1988)

The BMW 5 Series History. The 2nd Generation (E28, 1981–1988)



BMW E28 is the second generation BMW 5 Series, launched in 1981. Styling changes to this model included revised headlights, thicker rubber bumper surrounds and large rectangular taillights. Mechanical changes included the addition of a six-cylinder diesel engine (in both naturally aspirated and turbocharged forms) and an automatic transmission.

The M5 model line began with the BMW E28 M5, which uses the BMW S38 six-cylinder engine. At its launch in 1984, the European specification E28 M5 was the fastest production sedan in the world.


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30-01-17, 22:03   #3
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The BMW 5 Series History.The 3rd Generation (E34, 1988–1995)

The BMW 5 Series History. The 3rd Generation (E34, 1988–1995)



The BMW E34 is the third generation 5 Series, launched in February 1988. It had a stiffer body and was more streamlined than its predecessor.[citation needed] The E34 was among the most reliable luxury cars on the market, earning the best-in-class ratings from Intellichoice in 1991, and still considered one of the most reliable BMWs ever made.[5] It was also one of the safest cars on the road during its production, providing airbags, 4-wheel anti-lock brakes, and a very rigid body structure to protect occupants in the event of an accident.[5] It was also equipped with automatic stability control (ASC) or traction control (ASC+T) in later years on higher-specification variants.[6]

Mechanical changes over its predecessor included the availability of a V8 engine, all-wheel drive and, from 1991, a station wagon ("touring") body style.

The BMW E34 M5 uses upgraded versions of the BMW S38 six-cylinder engine.


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30-01-17, 22:04   #4
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The BMW 5 Series History.The 4th Generation (E39, 1996–2003)

The BMW 5 Series History. The 4th Generation (E39, 1996–2003).



The BMW E39 is the fourth generation 5 Series, produced from 1996 until 2003. The design draws heavily from the E38 7 Series in body construction and electronic technology[citation needed] and the wheelbase grew by 2.7 in (68 mm) and overall length by 2.2 in (55 mm) over the E34.

The E39 5 Series was introduced into the US market in late 1996 for the 1997 model year. Models available were the 528i with the 2.8 L M52B28 I6 engine and the 540i with the 4.4 L M62B44 V8 engine. Transmission choices included a 5-speed manual or a 5-speed automatic for the 528i and a 6-speed manual or a 5-speed automatic for the 540i. The on-board computer, called the Multi-Information System (MID), was upgraded in mid 1997.

For 1998 optional rear side airbags became available, and both models also gained BMW's exclusive new Head Protection System, which consists of two tubular bags that inflate upon a side impact and pop out just above each front door. A new Sport Package for the 528i and 540i, as well as an automatic transmission 540i were added options. The Sport Package included black body trim (standard models had chrome around the top of the windows), a sport-tuned suspension, and 17-inch wheels and tires. In September 1998, the 540i's M62B44 was updated to the M62TUB44, adding 15 ft·lb (20 Nm) of torque. DSC first became available on 540i with automatic transmission as of 9/97 The high-performance M5 sedan (saloon) returned to the BMW fold. Built in limited numbers, the M5 used a 400 hp (300 kW) V8 S62, and came with a firmer suspension, 18-inch wheels, a 6-speed manual transmission, and exclusive interior trim.[13] Lower-body rear side airbags were standard on the M5, remaining optional for other models.

1999 saw the introduction of the Touring wagon (estate) body style and joined sedans (saloons) in both I6 and V8 versions. New options for 1999 included brighter xenon headlights, Park Distance Control that warns of obstacles when backing up, and self-leveling rear suspension for wagons (estates). Standard on V8 models and newly optional for 528i versions was BMW's Dynamic Stability Control, designed to aid control in fast turns. The M52 2.8 liter I6 engines were now all aluminium block and head with the introduction of double VANOS, as opposed to the previous single VANOS iron block/aluminium head M52.

In 2000, rain-sensing windshield wipers and xenon headlamps became standard on the 540i, and were newly available for 528i models. The "M Sport" package was added (replacing the standard sport package), and included the M Sport steering wheel, door sills, and shift knob. The 528i versions also gained the 540i's standard stability control system. All models now had daytime running lights, and fog lamps.

For the 2001 model year (Cars made from September 2000), BMW updated the E39 with newer, clear-lens tail, side marker, and headlights which first displayed the now-popular "angel eyes." Rear tail lights were changed to "wave-guide" LEDs (Hella, the OEM, refers to these lights as "CELIS"), while the side and rear turn signals were changed from amber lenses to clear. The black trim was now painted to match the body color, and the front bumper now featured rounded fog lights. Internally many changes were made to electronics; items such as window regulators and the air conditioning were updated. The 528i was replaced by the 530i which had a new 170 kW (228 hp) M54B30 3.0 L inline-6. A new entry-level 525i was introduced featuring a 143 kW (192 hp) M54B25 2.5 L I6 and a slightly lower price. The available navigation system was changed to a wide screen version. The front grill was also changed to a new, more pronounced design.

For 2002, BMW Steptronic-equipped E39s had their manual shift direction switched to match BMW's SMG (forwards to downshift, backwards to upshift). Also for 2002, the power of the 540i's 32-valve V8 engine was increased from 282 hp (210 kW) to 290 hp (216 kW) while torque remained the same. All models got a standard in-dash CD player, the 6-cylinder models added a standard power passenger seat, and the 525i received automatic climate control standard.[14] Consumer Reports declared the 2002 BMW E39 the best car they had ever reviewed.

2003 marked the last year for the E39 platform; models for this year were differentiated by the addition of extra chrome trim on the trunk (boot) and on the sides of the body. All 6-cylinder model 5 Series come with a standard sunroof. The optional navigation systems upgraded from CD-ROM format (8 CDs to cover the entire USA and Canada) to a single DVD-ROM.[15] The optional sport package on the 540i carried parts from M-technic. This included a full M-tech ground effects, M-tech II suspension, 18-inch wheels, and a variety of M badging. Isofix/LATCH child seat anchors were added. The E39 estate (touring) was continued into 2004 until the touring version of the new E60 5 Series was released.

Car and Driver often featured the E39 in its "10Best list".[7] The E39 BMW 5 Series was considered the benchmark of its class[8] and Consumer Reports gave the 2001 530i its highest car rating ever.[citation needed]

The BMW E39 M5 uses the BMW S62 V8 engine.


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30-01-17, 22:05   #5
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The BMW 5 Series History.The 5th Generation (E60, 2004–2010)

The BMW 5 Series History. The 5th Generation. (E60, 2004–2010)



The BMW E60 is the fifth generation 5 Series, produced from 2004–2010. Its non-traditional styling (designed by Chris Bangle and Adrian van Hooydonk) and many of its features received mixed reviews. Despite criticism over its exterior design and interior electronics, this became the best-selling 5 Series.[9]

The E60 represented a significant step forward in technology over the previous generation.[10] The controversial iDrive interface is used to control many aspects of the vehicle. All-wheel drive returned as an option to the 5 Series for the E60. The E60 535i is the first 5 Series to use a turbocharged petrol engine.

Following the tradition of its previous generation models, the new 5 Series featured a longer and wider chassis while fitted with a new set of active safety and hi-tech components: iDrive, Active Roll Stabilization (ARS), Active Cruise Control (ACC), Park Distance Control (PDC) and a Harman Kardon Logic7 sound system. The 4.4L V8 engine now delivered a revised output of 325 hp and could be mated to either a 6-speed manual/automatic transmission or a newly developed 6-speed Sequential Manual Gearbox featuring steering-wheel-mounted shift paddles. This new generation vehicle also came with a completely new exterior and interior look and was available on both European and North American market. The 530i and 525i got a revised engine in 2006.

The 5 Series sedan received a slight facelift in 2007 called the LCI update. The front and rear fascias were freshened. The idrive was updated to a hard drive based system with a more user-friendly interface. The interior was freshened to a more updated door panel with proper wood inlays versus the old ones which were filled with lots of odd angles and weird sloping lines.

Part of the optional Sport package ($3300) is one of the more curious techno-innovations of the new 5 Series, "active steering." Instead of simply lightening the effort of steering at low speeds through a conventional variable-boost system, active steering changes the ratio of the steering. If a driver turns the steering wheel 10 degrees off-center, the front wheels will turn more at lower speeds than at higher speeds.

The BMW E60 M5 uses the BMW S85 V10 engine.


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30-01-17, 22:05   #6
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The BMW 5 Series History.The 6th Generation (F10, 2010–2016)

The BMW 5 Series History. The 6th Generation. (F10, 2010–2016)



The F10/F11/F07 is the sixth generation 5 Series, produced from 2010–present. The platform is based on the F01 7 Series; improvements include a front dual ball joint short-long arm suspension (replacing the MacPherson strut suspensions BMW previously used), and a rear multilink suspension.[11]

The interior marks the return of the centre console being clearly angled towards the driver, another marked change from its immediate predecessor which was noted for its non traditional BMW design.[12][13] However, opinion is divided, as a reviewer described the F10 as too bland and conservative, compared to the E60 predecessor, as well as having too much of a resemblance to the E90 3-Series.[14]

The F10 M5 uses the S63 twin-turbocharged V8 engine and is the first M5 to use forced induction.

A long-wheelbase version is sold in China.[15] Mexican-built armored BMW 5 vehicles are also built on the wheelbase from the Chinese long-wheelbase model. This armoured model is known as the BMW 5 Security and only is available in long-wheelbase form with the 4.4L V8 engine.




source: wikipedia, bmw
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30-01-17, 22:05   #7
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The BMW 5 Series History. The 7th Generation. (G30, 2017 - )

The BMW 5 Series History. The 7th Generation. (G30, 2017 - )


The BMW 5 Series (codenamed G30) is an upcoming lineup of executive cars by German automaker BMW that will succeed the F10 codenamed 5 Series as the seventh model generation. It will be offered in a saloon and a Touring branded estate (codenamed G31). The new generation 5 Series will not feature a hatchback style GT. The new generation hatchback style GT variant will be known as 6 Series GT (codenamed G32). The new BMW 5 Series was unveiled on October 12, 2016.[1]

The 5 Series is based on a modular automobile platform on which the full-size G11 BMW 7 Series luxury car is also built upon. A plug-in hybrid variant, the BMW 530e iPerformance, for the saloon and estate body styles and a range of autonomous advanced driver assistance systems that debuted in the 7 Series are also planned for release.


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